18+ (Adult and older)

Participant Voice

Outcome General Methods or Ways to Create Your Own Method
Audience 10 years and younger (~Elementary school aged and younger), 11-14 years old (~Middle school aged), 15-18 years old (~High school aged), 18+ (Adult and older)
Method Photo-elicitation/Photovoice

This set of tools intend to help programs/organizations understand how participants experience their program(s). Because of the qualitative nature of the tools, this approach lifts up participants’ voice in their own words, as opposed to a closed-ended survey tool. These tools help capture the nuance and story of participant experience and can be useful for both internal understanding and external reports to funders, boards, members, and other key stakeholders.

DEVISE: Motivation for Doing and Learning Science

Outcome Engagement
Audience 18+ (Adult and older)
Method Questionnaires and surveys

The tool provides information about the type of motivation for doing and learning science in adult audiences; it is distinctly different from measuring an individual’s reason for participation. It is based on the understanding that motivation can range from intrinsic to . Choosing to participate in an activity may be because it makes an individual feel good (intrinsic), or it may be because it gains the respect of others (extrinsic). Motivation can be important to measure because it can drive , such as someone choosing to volunteer for an environmental organization.

Environmental Education Teacher Efficacy Belief Instrument (EETEBI)

Outcome Efficacy
Audience 18+ (Adult and older)
Method Questionnaires and surveys

This survey would be useful for EE teacher education and professional development programs working with preservice and in-service educators. The survey is used to assess whether teachers believe that they can teach EE effectively as it relates to EE teaching strategies and outcomes.

DEVISE: Self Efficacy for Environmental Action

Outcome Efficacy
Audience 18+ (Adult and older)
Method Questionnaires and surveys

This survey is useful to measure a learner’s self-confidence in their to participate in activities for environmental action. It measures “an individual’s confidence in their ability to effectively address environmental concerns”.

Life Effectiveness Questionnaire

Outcome 21st Century Skills
Audience 11-14 years old (~Middle school aged), 15-18 years old (~High school aged), 18+ (Adult and older)
Method Questionnaires and surveys

The Life Effectiveness Questionnaire (LEQ-H) is a survey used to measure personal development in several areas related to life effectiveness, or “a person’s demonstrated capacity to adapt, survive, and thrive” (Neill, 2008). The LEQ-H measures 8 domains, including time management, social competence, achievement motivation, intellectual flexibility, task leadership, emotional control, active initiative, and self confidence. The tool has been used to assess how outdoor education programs, including a variety of Outward Bound programs, influence a person’s self-perception of their skills in these areas.

Environmental Action Scale

Outcome Environmental Actions
Audience 15-18 years old (~High school aged), 18+ (Adult and older)
Method Questionnaires and surveys

Environmental action measured by this survey is defined as intentional civic behaviors focused on systemic environmental issues and collective efforts. Examples include attending environmental events or organizing a protest. 

Pro-Environmental Behavior Scale

Outcome Behaviors
Audience 18+ (Adult and older)
Method Questionnaires and surveys

This 13-item evaluates 4 key domains of pro-environmental : 1) lifestyle behaviors (household choices made by people that broadly influence environmental , like recycling or water conservation); 2) land stewardship behaviors (direct with the , like tree planting or science); 3) social environmentalism (actions that deal with social relationships, like participating with an environmental group or telling friends about environmental issues) and 4) environmental citizenship (actions related to environmental policy, like voting to support conservation efforts or donating money to conservation organizations).

Draw-an-Ecosystem Task

Outcome Environmental Knowledge
Audience 10 years and younger (~Elementary school aged and younger), 11-14 years old (~Middle school aged), 15-18 years old (~High school aged), 18+ (Adult and older)
Method Drawings/Journal Prompts

This tool, the Draw-an-Ecosystem task, takes a approach to . Participants draw and label an ecosystem before and after a program to measure their change in

Environmental Attitude Inventory

Outcome Attitudes
Audience 18+ (Adult and older)
Method Questionnaires and surveys

This tool was designed to measure a variety of environmental attitudes, based on the multitude of research that has occurred over decades. Because it was not designed to evaluate educational programs, consider whether and how to use the 12 scales that collectively offer 120 . The scales capture both and attitudes, as well as broad perceptions about the natural .

The 12 scales include: 1) Enjoyment of nature 2) Support for interventionist policies 3) Environmental movement activism 4) Conservation motivated by anthropocentric concern 5) Confidence in science and technology 6) Environmental threat 7) Altering nature 8) Personal conservation 9) Human dominance over nature 10) Human utilization of nature 11) Ecocentric concern and 12) Support for growth policies. 

Alternatively, there is one condensed scale developed by the researchers. It consists of 24 items which measure environmental attitudes more generally. 

 

Sustainability Attitudes Scale

Outcome Attitudes
Audience 18+ (Adult and older)
Method Questionnaires and surveys

This tool was designed to assess participants’ attitudes toward . It measures sustainability attitudes with a single score drawing from three domains (ecological, social, and economic).

AWE Reflection Question

Outcome Sense of Place
Audience 10 years and younger (~Elementary school aged and younger), 11-14 years old (~Middle school aged), 15-18 years old (~High school aged), 18+ (Adult and older)
Method Drawings/Journal Prompts

This tool is a reflection question that can help participants consider what they felt during a program. It can be formatted as a journal prompt or exit slip. Have participants say or write down their responses to the following question to assess attachment to place:

When I spend time in waterways and trails near my home, I feel…

Environmental Identity Scale

Outcome Nature Connectedness
Audience 11-14 years old (~Middle school aged), 15-18 years old (~High school aged), 18+ (Adult and older)
Method Questionnaires and surveys

The Environmental (EID) can be used to measure a person’s environmental identity, or their sense of connection to the natural world. It can be helpful to assess a person’s environmental identity because this identity can have a broad and lasting influence on their . The scale measures different aspects of a person’s environmental identity, including 1) self-identification (based on the extent and importance of an individual’s interaction with nature), 2) ideology (based on support for environmentally friendly lifestyle choices), and 3) positive emotions toward the environment (based on enjoyment obtained in nature).