Ernst, J. A., Monroe, M. C., & Simmons, B. (2009). Evaluating Your Environmental Education Programs: A Workbook for Practitioners. Washington, D.C: North American Association for Environmental Education. 

use mostly close-ended questions to gather information about participants. Relative to other types of tools. They can be a quick way to gather large amounts of data. Creating your own will take some time, because you need to develop questions that will adequately capture the information you want to gather, and to ensure cultural relevance. The PDF linked above provides more guidance on creating and implementing your own surveys.